Impacts on ecosystem

 

Climate change impact on ecosystems in the Carpathians (SR2)
 

The Task addresses Carpathian ecosystems vulnerability to climate change, mainly forests, grasslands and wetlands. Main objective is to deliver the consistent knowledge about expected effect of climate change on Carpathian ecosystems, yielding from the pool of regional experts involved in the project. Stress will be laid on most of the Western Carpathians (Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, and Czech Republic) and on the East and South Carpathians (Romania); those countries cover a major part of the whole Carpathian Arch. In the same time, they represent diverse natural conditions and human exploitation of ecosystems; hence the knowledge acquired here can be generalized to the remaining parts of the Carpathians. Ukraine and Serbia are not expected to be directly addressed; those parts of the Carpathians will be subject of extrapolating the knowledge from the other regions. In particular, the following objectives are expected to be met:

  • Assessing the effect of pests and pathogens on the Carpathian forests; investigating the climate change induced increase in virulence; change in distributional and outbreak ranges, and change in populations dynamics of both resident and newly-emerging forest pests and pathogens;

  • Assessing the effect of climate change on protective function of mountain and subalpine forests in the Carpathians;

  • Evaluating the effect of management practices on forest vulnerability to climate change, including expected adaptation potential of forest management;

  • Evaluating the anticipated changes in species composition of forests, wetlands and grasslands, including climate change effect on grasslands productivity.

Maps of Carpathian ecosystems vulnerability to climate change, and accompanying report on regional observations and projections of climate change impacts are the main deliveries of this Task.
 

Contact person: Tomáš Hlásny, e-mail: tomas.hlasny@gmail.com